Moradabad ( Urdu: مراداباد , Hindi: मुरादाबाद ) is a city and a municipal corporation in Moradabad district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It was established in 1600 by prince Murad, the son of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan; as a result the city came to be known as Moradabad. It is the administrative headquarters of Moradabad District.
Moradabad is situated at a distance of 167 km (104 miles) from the national capital, New Delhi, on the banks of the Ramganga River (a tributary of the Ganges). The city is famous for its huge export of brass handicrafts to North America Europe and all over the world, and is also thus called "Brass City" or Peetal Nagri (in the local language).The city has the distinction of being the biggest exporter of handicrafts in the country. It has close to one million citizens of various ethnicities and religions.
HistoryHistorically, a city and district of British India, in the Bareilly division of the United Provinces, now itself is a divisional headquarter. The city is on the right bank of the river Ramganga, 655 ft. above sea-level, and has a station on the Oudh & Rohilkhand railway, 868 miles from Calcutta. Pop. (1901), 75,128. It was founded in 1625 by Rustam Khan, who built the fort which overhangs the river bank, and the fine Jama Masjid or great mosque (1631). The town forms a large centre of trade in country produce. It has a special industry in ornamental brassware, sometimes plated with lac or tin, which is then engraved. Cotton weaving and printing is also carried on.
The District Of Moradabad lies east of the Ganges and west of the native state of Rampur. Area, 2285 sq. m. It lies within the great Gangetic plain, and is demarcated into three subdivisions by the rivers Ramganga and Sot. The eastern tract consists of a submontane country, with an elevation slightly greater than the plain below, and is traversed by numerous streams descending from the Himalayas. The central portion consists of a level central plain descending at each end into the valleys of the Ramganga and Sot. The western section has a gentle slope towards the Ganges, with a rapid dip into the lowlands a few miles from the bank of the great river. In addition to Moradabad the principal towns are Amroha, Sambhal (39,715) and Chandausi (25,711).
For the early history of Moradabad see Bareilly. It passed into the possession of the British in 1801. The population in 1901 was 1,191,993. The principal crops are wheat, rice, millet, pulse, sugar-cane and cotton. The main line of the Oudh & Rohilkhand railway traverses the district from south to north, with branches towards Aligarh and Rampur. A third branch from Moradabad city towards Delhi crosses the Ganges at Garhmukteshwar by a bridge of eleven spans of 200 ft. each.
Brass IndustryMoradabad is renowned for its brass work and has carved a niche for itself in the handicraft industry throughout the world. The modern, attractive, and artistic brass ware, jewelry and trophies made by skilled artisans are the main crafts. The attractive brass ware is exported to countries like USA, Britain, Canada, Germany and Middle East Asia. There are about 600 export units and 5000 industries in the district. Moradabad exports goods worth Rs. 2200 crore every year. Recently other products like Iron, Sheet, Metalwares, Aluminium Artworks and Glassware's have also been included as per the need of foreign Buyers. Mentha is also exported worth Rupees several crores from Moradabad. These products are very popular in foreign markets and are being exported in thousand of crores every year.
EducationEngineering colleges Moradabad Institute Of Technology College of Engineering And Technology (IFTM)
Management colleges Institute of Foreign Trade and Management (IFTM) TMIMT
Medical colleges Kothiwal Dental College and Reserch Center TMIMT Dental College
Degree colleges Hindu College K.G.K College
Schools (Inter Colleges) Maharaja Agersen Inter College Parker Inter College Hewitt Muslim Inter College Ansar Inter College Falah Daren Inter College Rishikul Mahavidhalya Delhi Public School Moradabad Inter College St. Judes Academy Wilsonia college KCM School Modern Public School St. Mary's School St. Paul's College S.S.Children Academy Parker Inter College S.S.Inter College SpringFields College PMS Public School Tiny Tots School R.S.D Academy Swraswati shishu mandir civil lines Gandhi Nagar Public School moradabad Kendriya Vidyalya Moradabad
As of 2001 India census, Moradabad had a population of 641,240. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Moradabad has an average literacy rate of 52%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 56%, and female literacy is 48%. In Moradabad, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
- Moradabad (by the National Informatics Centre, Moradabad)
Moradabad in German: Muradabad
Moradabad in Hindi: मुरादाबाद
Moradabad in Bishnupriya: মোর্দাবাদ
Moradabad in Newari: मोरादाबाद
Moradabad in Polish: Muradabad
Moradabad in Portuguese: Moradabad
Moradabad in Finnish: Moradabad
Moradabad in Swedish: Moradabad
Moradabad in Vietnamese: Moradabad